India to witness intense summer, temperatures already at a high

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The head of IMD's long-term forecasting division, D Sivananda Pai said: "In the absence of other large-scale signals during the March-May period, the increased temperatures predicted in the forecast can be attributed to global warming". "Maximum temperatures are usually recorded between noon and 2 p.m".

"During the 2018 pre-monsoon season, warmer-than-normal temperatures are likely in all meteorological subdivisions of the country".

Confirming the increasing global warming and its effect on Earth's temperature, Indian Meteorological Department (MET) has forecasted that there will be a stiff rise in mercury this summer and might be above normal by more than 1 degree Celsius.

Last year too, IMD had forecast hotter than normal summer months but a comparison shows that more states will see an intense summer this year with average temperatures rising above normal by more than a degree.

The Met office said regions likely to be warmer by at least 1 degree are Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, west and east Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, west and east Uttar Pradesh, west and east Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Vidarbha (Maharashtra), Gujarat and Arunachal Pradesh.

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The IMD said that the only regions likely to see a moderate rise in temperatures are south India and a few northeastern states of Manipur, Nagaland, Mizoram and Tripura, but the rise in temperature would be all over. Of particular concern will be the large rain and snowfall deficits in the hill states of J&K, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand, which feed rivers flowing into the plains of north India. Remaining subdivisions are likely to experience maximum temperature anomalies between 0.5 degree Celsius and 1 degree Celsius.

The IMD predicts about 52% probability of above-normal maximum temperature in the core heat wave zone.

This also means earlier onset of heat waves, affecting humans and crops alike. In some areas of Delhi and Haryana, the temperature is expected to be 1.8 degrees Celsius above normal.

It is said in the estimation of the department that temperature in Delhi can be more disturbing.

The outlook, however, carried a positive sign for a normal monsoon this year as it noted that La Nina conditions over equatorial Pacific conditions are likely to be moderate till spring season and are likely to start weakening thereafter.

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