Bats found dead: Has Nipah Virus reached Himachal Pradesh?

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Kerala is on high alert over the infection and two control rooms have been opened in Kozhikode.

Two more patients with the same symptoms with suspected NiP and fever are now under observation and are being treated in Kozhikode.

Suparna Bharadwaj, the principal of the school, said, "In this situation, there is a panic in the people after this episode, as the way the bats are dying, Napa Virus's fears can not be sidelined".

Meanwhile, the Kerala Cabinet on Tuesday approved a draft to bear all the medical expenses of the diseased and also announced Rs 20 lakh compensation for to the kin of Lini Puthussery, a nurse who died while treating persons infected by Nipah virus.

India's national Health Minister, J. P. Nadda, wrote on Twitter on Wednesday that he had instructed officials, "to leave no stone unturned in terms of proactively countering the Nipah virus threat". The virus is spread after the fruit bat throw consumed fruits which are later eaten by animals or human.

However, the officials denied rumours of fears of the virus as of now.

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Eight of the dead are from Kerala's Kozhikode district, the hub of the outbreak, where multiple members of one family were the first to be infected.

Nipah is a highly infectious virus carried by fruit bats that causes inflammation of the brain in humans. The natural hosts of the virus are fruit bats.

Experts believe both Nipah and Hendra are spread by flying foxes - bats of the genus Pteropus - with humans becoming infected by exposure to bat urine and saliva on fruit, or from infected pigs and horses. As a result of this, the patients with cold and fever are being treated with precaution.

While 45 people succumbed to the virus when it broke out in Siliguri town in West Bengal, some five people died in the second outbreak in 2007 in the state's Nadia district. Treatment for the virus, which has a mortality rate of about 70 percent, is supportive care.

What are the symptoms of the infection?

According to the World Health Organization, between 1998 and 2015, more than 600 cases of Nipah virus human infections were reported. "We told them to avoid physical contact in case of an outbreak, as this is a communicative disease", he added.

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