New advice sought on Scotland's climate change bill

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And temperatures are expected to rise 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels by 2030 if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise at their current rates, according to the report.

According to an alarming report recently released by the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), we only have around a dozen years left to limit global warming to 1.5°C (2.7°F) if we wish to avoid a significantly heightened risk of extreme heat, droughts, floods and poverty affecting hundreds of millions of people around the world.

It singled out Kolkata, the capital of India's West Bengal State, as well as Karachi, the capital of Pakistan's Sindh province, as the areas likely to be most affected by the sweltering temperatures.

The report also flags up how people could take the initiative by changing their lifestyles, from what they eat to how they travel and heat their homes. Adding 50 percent more warming to reach 1.5 degrees won't simply increase impacts by the same percentage-bad as that would be.

Zaelke said: "With the wolf of climate impacts at our door, time for our counter-offensive is short".

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Released Sunday, the report warned that the world is rapidly running out of time to scale back greenhouse gas emissions before catastrophic planetary changes occur.

Around 6 percent of insects, 8 percent of plants, and 4 percent of vertebrates are projected to be negatively affected by global warming of 1.5°C, namely by shrinking their natural geographic range, compared with 18 percent of insects, 16 percent of plants and 8 percent of vertebrates for global warming of 2°C.

The key benefits will come from "large-scale and rapid" transitions, the report said. And we're already seeing just how powerful climate change can be.

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"The next few years are probably the most important in human history", IPCC co-chair Debra Roberts, head of the Environmental Planning and Climate Protection Department in South Africa, told Agence France-Presse. When the next climate talks happen this December, the new report is created to give governments the incentive to go much further, faster.

As a result, some experts have begun to advocate for a different kind of global target-not just a temperature goal, but a concrete timeline to reach net-zero carbon emissions, regardless of the ongoing debates about the exact carbon budget.

Strengthening the capacities for climate action of national and sub-national authorities, civil society, the private sector, indigenous peoples and local communities can support the implementation of ambitious actions implied by limiting global warming to 1.5°C.

A recent report, before the IPCC publication, by Oxfam and the World Resources Institute found that reducing SLCPs warranted a much greater focus than it has received in climate change efforts. The world now pumps more than 40 billion tons of Carbon dioxide into the atmosphere each year; the IPCC calls for that number to be cut by more than 1 billion tons per year over the next decade.

The climate modelling called socioeconomic pathways, or SSPs, looks at choices individuals can make to contribute towards the 1.5 degrees Celsius limit on global warming based on pre-industrial levels.

One of them, who didn't want to be identified, told The Hindu that the report gave a more comprehensive assessment of the differences in a 1.5C world and 2C world and quantified the carbon dioxide that would need to be removed from the atmosphere to achieve this.

Well, lower carbon emissions for a start.

This again puts Trump at odds with the rest of the world when it comes to climate change, with the U.S. the world's only country to disavow the Paris climate agreement, which committed governments to attempt to stay within the 1.5C limit.

A spokeswoman for the state department said the USA is "leading the world in providing affordable, abundant, and secure energy to our citizens, while protecting the environment and reducing emissions through job-creating innovation".

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