Are Eggs the Cholesterol Enemy Again?

Eating as few as three eggs a week raises risk of heart disease, study suggests

Eating as few as three eggs a week raises risk of heart disease, study suggests

His bottom line is the same as Allen's: "Eat eggs in moderation". "We found cholesterol, regardless of the source, was associated with an increased risk of heart disease". They include the way the eggs were cooked, or changes to peoples' diets that occurred after the study information was gathered. On the one hand, the guidelines say that "cholesterol is not a nutrient of concern for overconsumption;" but on the other hand, the guidelines say that "individuals should eat as little dietary cholesterol as possible while consuming a healthy eating pattern". However, the most recent dietary guidelines omitted a daily limit for dietary cholesterol.

However, the study contradicts other research.

The study was published March 15 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Researchers at Northwestern University's Feinberg School of Medicine and elsewhere pooled results from six previous studies, analyzing data on nearly 30,000 US adults who self-reported daily food intake. The study results were drawn after looking at data from 29,615 adults pooled from 6 prospective cohort studies in the United States, over a time period of 17.5 years. That's because the average USA adult now gets 300 milligrams of cholesterol a day and eats three or four eggs a week - and their data indicates it's bad for them.

But the Northwestern researchers said their study suggests those guidelines may have to be looked at yet again. They took into account high blood pressure, smoking, obesity and other traits that could contribute to heart problems.

Experts have long debated the health benefits and risks of egg consumption.

Dr. Bruce Lee of Johns Hopkins University, said nutrition studies are often weak because they rely on people remembering what they ate.

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The researchers said their study looked at almost 30,000 racially and ethnically diverse USA adults from six separate studies with as much as 31 years of followup. Research from Northwestern Medicine finds that adults who ate several eggs per week and high amounts of dietary cholesterol had a significantly higher risk of cardiovascular disease and death from any cause.

Speaking to Reuters Health about the study in question, study coauthor Norrina Allen, an associate professor of preventive medicine at Northwestern University's Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago says that she wouldn't go as far to say that one should stop eating eggs entirely.

"We want to remind people there is cholesterol in eggs, specifically yolks, and this has a harmful effect", said Allen, who mentioned that she still cooks scrambled eggs for her children.

That said, the relationship between eggs and the risks of heart disease and early death is only "modest", he said. The culprit is the cholesterol in egg yolks, they reported.

Prior to 2015, nutrition guidelines recommended eating less than 300 milligrams of dietary cholesterol per day. Americans now consume an estimated 280 eggs per person, per year, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

The researchers found that eating three to four eggs per week was linked to a 6 percent higher risk of cardiovascular disease and an 8 percent higher risk of any cause of death.

"I'm sorry if it seems like a boring recommendation", she added, but for most people, the most important diet advice "should be to maintain a healthy weight, to exercise, and to get an adequate amount of sleep".

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