Foxconn violates Chinese labor laws to keep up with iPhone 11 orders

Apple Foxconn Broke a Chinese Labour Law to Build Latest iPhones

Apple Foxconn Broke a Chinese Labour Law to Build Latest iPhones

The labor report comes as tensions between the United States and China have threatened to upend supply chains across the technology industry with tit-for-tat import tariffs. CLW is a non-profit advocacy group that examines the conditions in Chinese factories.

The China Labor Watch report stated that student workers had been pushed to work overtime, "completing internships at the factory that are unrelated to their degree".

The report said that a year ago, 55% of the workforce were dispatch workers including student interns, compared with 50% this August. Chinese labour law stipulates a maximum of 10 percent, CLW noted.

Apple says it is working with Foxconn to resolve the issue of temporary staff, and says the issue of overtime working conditions has been corrected. Apple also claims that when it finds issues, it works with suppliers to "take immediate corrective action".

One temporary worker jumped to his death from a Zhengzhou Foxconn factory dormitory in 2018 reportedly because he did not receive his bonus, The South China Morning Post reported.

Taiwan-based manufacturing giant Hon Hai Precision Industry Co. said Monday that it has been gradually adjusting the dispatch workers ratio in its factories in China to meet legal requirements, in response to accusations that it was hiring too many temporary workers. Nonetheless, suppliers and assemblers are all the time attempting to churn out extra handsets.

The factory, which has been dubbed "iPhone City", is operated by Foxconn and is the largest iPhone factory in the world. Because many of these students returned to school at the end of August, the figure dropped to 30 percent, but is still a violation, according to CLW. These companies often hire workers in droves to help accommodate Apple's massive supply of new devices especially when its about time to reveal the next batch of new annual devices.

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It added that its "work to address the issues identified in our Zhengzhou facility continues and we will closely monitor the situation".

Apple regularly releases reports outlining its standards, guidelines, and practices for labor issues in its supply line, including targets it aims to hit and areas it intends to improve. In its latest report, Apple said it conducted 44,000 interviews with supplier employees previous year to check if they were properly trained and knew how to voice concerns, while taking new steps to prevent forced labour.

Apparently Foxconn is doing all the measures to fulfill Apple iPhone 11 orders. Apple sent specialists to the facility to work with management on systems that ensured appropriate standards were followed.

Foxconn's labor standards have been under scrutiny for many years, which then extends to the tech companies that buy from the Taiwanese manufacturer.

Aside from the violations relating to temporary workers, CLW alleged problematic working conditions at Foxconn's plants. It also said workers clocked at least 100 hours of overtime per month during peak production periods, far exceeding the 36 hours per month allowed under Chinese labor law.

"At no time did we find any evidence of forced labour and we can confirm that this facility now has no interns working overtime", it said in a statement given to AFP.

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